Memory Verse
“In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.”
Ruth 1:16-17

The book of Ruth begins with a famine and ends with a baby in order to demonstrate how God reorders what was disorderly in the lives of ordinary people. Their trials and tears and trauma turn out for the good of all mankind. The worst things happened, but the best things were happening behind the scenes in the plan of God. This beautiful story illustrates how God preserves His people through dark times, tragic situations, apostasy, and rebellion through a “Kinsman Redeemer”. 

Hymn: My Redeemer
Sheet Music
Top 5 Facts to Remember
  1. The story of Ruth and Boaz took place “in the days when the judges ruled” (Ruth 1:1). 
  2. When given the opportunity to leave, Ruth decided to stay with Naomi (Ruth 1:8–17).
  3. To make Ruth’s gleaning easier, Boaz commanded his servants to let grain fall from their bundles on purpose (Ruth 2:15–16).
  4. Everyone in Bethlehem knew Ruth to be a virtuous woman (Ruth 3:11).
  5. Ruth was David’s great-grandmother, which places her in Christ’s genealogy (Ruth 4:13–22; Matt. 1:1, 5–6).
Theme: A Kinsman Redeemer

In Ruth, God is glorifying Himself through loyalty, so that He might demonstrate His superior goodness in the salvation sinners, the damnation of the wicked, and for the preservation of His people for His eternal glory, and their eternal joy

Author: Unknown

The Scriptures are silent on the authorship of Ruth, though Jewish tradition attributes the book to Samuel. However, this seems unlikely, since David—who is mentioned by name in the text—did not assume office until after Samuel’s death.

Time of Writing: 1030-1010 B.C.

The book mentions David by name, but not Solomon, which means Ruth was probably written sometime before David’s reign (1010–970 B.C.).

Key Verses:

“And Boaz answered and said to her, ‘It has been fully reported to me, all that you have done for your mother-in-law since the death of your husband, and how you have left your father and your mother and the land of your birth, and have come to a people whom you did not know before. The Lord repay your work, and a full reward be given you by the Lord God of Israel, under whose wings you have come for refuge.’ ”

Ruth 2:11–12

“And he said, ‘Who are you?’ So she answered, ‘I am Ruth, your maidservant. Take your maidservant under your wing, for you are a close relative.’ ”

Ruth 3:9

“So Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife; and when he went in to her, the Lord gave her conception, and she bore a son . . . And they called his name Obed. He is the father of Jesse, the father of David.”

Ruth 4:13, 17b

  1. God preserves His people through trials and dark times.
  2. God rewards women of virtue.
  3. The gospel is for all people, regardless of culture or nationality.
Christ in Ruth:
  1. Boaz

    Boaz is a type of Christ. Like Boaz was to Ruth, Christ is our Kinsman Redeemer, having purchased us “with His own blood.”

  2. The Line of David

    Jesus Christ came through the line of David, and David was Ruth’s great-grandson.

  1. Loyalty Through Tragedy and Anguish (Ruth 1)
    1. Tragedy (Ruth 1:1–5)
    2. Ruth’s Opportunity to Leave Naomi (Ruth 1:6–15)
    3. Ruth Decides to Stay with Naomi (Ruth 1:16–18)
    4. Ruth Returns with Naomi (Ruth 1:19–22)
  2. Love (Ruth 2)
    1. Boaz Meets Ruth (Ruth 2:1–7)
    2. Boaz Provides for Ruth (Ruth 2:8–23)
  3. Marriage (Ruth 3)
    1. Naomi Seeks Redemption for Ruth (Ruth 3:1–5)
    2. Ruth Obeys Naomi (Ruth 3:6–9)
    3. Boaz Desires to Redeem Ruth (Ruth 3:10–18)
  4. Lineage (Ruth 4)
    1. Boaz Marries Ruth (Ruth 4:1–12)
    2. Ruth Bears a Son (Ruth 4:13)
    3. Naomi Receives a New Family (Ruth 4:14–16)
    4. Ruth Becomes David’s Great-Grandmother (Ruth 4:17–22)
Study Questions

In what time period did the story of Ruth take place?
In the days when the judges ruled (Ruth 1:1).

What was the name of Naomi’s husband?
Elimelech (Ruth 1:2).

What were the names of Naomi’s two sons?
Mahlon and Chilion (Ruth 1:2).

What was the sign that the Lord had visited His people?
The end of the famine (Ruth 1:6).

How was Ruth related to Naomi?
She was Naomi’s daughter-in-law (Ruth 1:22).

Why did Naomi tell her daughters-in-law to leave her?
Because she had no more sons for them to marry (Ruth 1:11–13).

What was Ruth’s response when Naomi told her to leave?
She refused to go (Ruth 1:16–17).

Who was Boaz?
A relative of Naomi’s husband, and a man of great wealth (Ruth 2:1).

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