The book of Ruth begins with a famine and ends with a baby in order to demonstrate how God reorders what was disorderly in the lives of ordinary people. Their trials and tears and trauma turn out for the good of all mankind. The worst things happened, but the best things were happening behind the scenes in the plan of God. This beautiful story illustrates how God preserves His people through dark times, tragic situations, apostasy, and rebellion through a “Kinsman Redeemer”.
In Ruth, God is glorifying Himself through loyalty, so that He might demonstrate His superior goodness in the salvation sinners, the damnation of the wicked, and for the preservation of His people for His eternal glory, and their eternal joy
The Scriptures are silent on the authorship of Ruth, though Jewish tradition attributes the book to Samuel. However, this seems unlikely, since David—who is mentioned by name in the text—did not assume office until after Samuel’s death.
The book mentions David by name, but not Solomon, which means Ruth was probably written sometime before David’s reign (1010–970 B.C.).
“And Boaz answered and said to her, ‘It has been fully reported to me, all that you have done for your mother-in-law since the death of your husband, and how you have left your father and your mother and the land of your birth, and have come to a people whom you did not know before. The Lord repay your work, and a full reward be given you by the Lord God of Israel, under whose wings you have come for refuge.’ ”
“And he said, ‘Who are you?’ So she answered, ‘I am Ruth, your maidservant. Take your maidservant under your wing, for you are a close relative.’ ”
“So Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife; and when he went in to her, the Lord gave her conception, and she bore a son . . . And they called his name Obed. He is the father of Jesse, the father of David.”
Ruth 4:13, 17b
Boaz is a type of Christ. Like Boaz was to Ruth, Christ is our Kinsman Redeemer, having purchased us “with His own blood.”
Jesus Christ came through the line of David, and David was Ruth’s great-grandson.
In what time period did the story of Ruth take place?
In the days when the judges ruled (Ruth 1:1).
What was the name of Naomi’s husband?
Elimelech (Ruth 1:2).
What were the names of Naomi’s two sons?
Mahlon and Chilion (Ruth 1:2).
What was the sign that the Lord had visited His people?
The end of the famine (Ruth 1:6).
How was Ruth related to Naomi?
She was Naomi’s daughter-in-law (Ruth 1:22).
Why did Naomi tell her daughters-in-law to leave her?
Because she had no more sons for them to marry (Ruth 1:11–13).
What was Ruth’s response when Naomi told her to leave?
She refused to go (Ruth 1:16–17).
Who was Boaz?
A relative of Naomi’s husband, and a man of great wealth (Ruth 2:1).