Memory Verse
“In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.”
Romans 1:16-17

Paul’s letter to the Romans reveals God’s solution for sin and sinners and what some have called “the cosmic crime.” This crime is the rebellion of creatures against their Creator. Imagine for a moment the magnitude of this. The creature is turning away from the Creator saying, “I don’t want You.” 

Hymn: Amazing Grace
Sheet Music
Top 5 Facts to Remember
  1. The wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness (Rom. 1:18).
  2. Every person has the law of God written on their heart (Rom. 2:14–15).
  3. There is none righteous (Rom. 3:10).
  4. The central message of the gospel is that we can receive righteousness apart from the law through faith in Jesus Christ (Rom. 3:21–22).
  5. Many individuals were saved after reading Romans: 
  • Augustine was saved when reading Romans 13:13–14. 

  • Martin Luther was saved after reading Romans 1:16–17. 

  • John Wesley was saved while reading Romans 8:1–4.

  • John Bunyan used Romans as a guide while writing Pilgrim’s Progress

Theme: The Gospel

In Romans, God is glorifying Himself through the gospel, so that He might demonstrate His superior goodness in the salvation sinners, the damnation of the wicked, and for the preservation of His people, for His eternal glory, and their eternal joy.

Author: Paul

“Paul, a bondservant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated to the gospel of God… ” (Rom. 1:1).

Audience: The Church in Rome

“To all who are in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints” 

Romans 1:7

“So, as much as is in me, I am ready to preach the gospel to you who are in Rome also”

Romans 1:15

Key Verses:

“But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who believe. For there is no difference; for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed, to demonstrate at the present time His righteousness, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.”

Romans 3:21–26

“For when we were still without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. For scarcely for a righteous man will one die; yet perhaps for a good man someone would even dare to die. But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.”

Romans 5:6–8

“Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? As it is written: ‘For Your sake we are killed all day long; We are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.’

Yet in all these things we are more than conquerors through Him who loved us. For I am persuaded that neither death nor life, nor angels nor principalities nor powers, nor things present nor things to come, nor height nor depth, nor any other created thing, shall be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.”

Romans 8:35–39

  1. Men and women are justified by faith alone, not by the works of the law.
  2. All men know that God exists, but unbelievers suppress the truth in unrighteousness.
  3. The Law and the Prophets are witnesses to the truth of the gospel.
  1. Introduction (Rom. 1:1–17)
  2. Justification by Faith Alone (Rom. 1:18–11:36)
  3. Relationships that Mark a Justified People (Rom. 12–16)
Study Questions

Chapters 1–8

Will anyone be excused from God’s judgement because they didn’t know about Him? How do you know?
No. They will be without excuse because He has revealed Himself to them through His creation (Rom. 1:20).

Why do you think God’s judgements were on the Jews first?
They had a greater level of responsibility because they had more knowledge (Rom. 2:9).

What does it mean for a person to be justified? 
To be righteous in God’s sight (Rom. 3:22).

How do we know that Abraham was justified by faith and not by works?
God declared him righteous before he acted in obedience (Rom. 4:12).

How is Jesus like Adam? How is He different?
The actions of both had an impact far beyond themselves. In Adam’s case, the effect was negative, while in Jesus’ case, it was positive (Rom. 5:18).

What are some ways that a person’s life might change when they are freed from slavery to sin and become a slave to righteousness?
They will joyfully obey God’s commandments (Rom. 6:19).

How does the law cause sin to come to life in a person’s heart?
Because the action is forbidden, it becomes attractive to the person (Rom. 7:7).

How do we know that no true Christian will face God’s wrath in the day of judgement?
There is no condemnation for those who are in Christ (Rom. 8:1).

Chapters 9–16

How is God like a potter and the human heart like clay?
Like a potter makes pottery for different purposes, God shapes people’s hearts according to His purposes, making some for honor and some for dishonor (Rom. 9:21).

What must one hear in order to call upon the Lord for salvation?
They must hear the gospel (Rom. 10:17).

The branch that was broken off of the olive tree represents who? 
The Jews (Rom. 11:17).

The branch that was grafted into the olive tree represents who?
The Gentiles (Rom. 11:17).

What are some of the gifts that God gives to His people?
Prophecy, faith, ministry, teaching, and exhortation (Rom. 12:6–8).

Explain how love fulfills the law.
All the commandments are based on loving God and loving your neighbor (Rom. 13:10).

What are some things that a person who is weak in the faith might believe?
That certain foods should be avoided or that certain days must be observed (Rom. 14:2, 5).

Why is it important for Christians to be united with one another and not divided?
So that we might glorify God together (Rom. 15:6).

How should we treat divisive people in the church?
We should identify them and avoid them (Rom. 16:17)

What do we know about people who try to cause division in the church?
They serve their own fleshly appetites (Rom. 16:18).

© 2017 NCFIC