Memory Verse
“In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.”
John 6:35

The focus of John’s Gospel is to prove the deity of Jesus Christ and to identify various facets of His glory. The beauty of the imagery describing Jesus is perhaps why so many recommend John for unbelievers to get to know Jesus. He is called “Life” thirty-two times in this Gospel. John’s disclosure of Jesus hangs upon seven miracle narratives which he uses to explain the power and glory of Jesus Christ. John’s purpose is clearly stated. He writes so that his readers might believe in Jesus.

Hymn: Oh, How I Love Jesus
Sheet Music
Top 5 Facts to Remember
  1. John focuses on the deity of Christ, proclaiming that He is the Son of God.
  2. John never refers to himself by name.
  3. John’s Gospel account begins with Christ, who was with God in the beginning before creation (John 1:1–3).
  4. The prologue of John introduces the major themes of the book.
  5. John does not record any of Christ’s parables.
Theme: The Son of God

In John, God is glorifying Himself through the glory of His Son so that He might demonstrate His superior goodness in the salvation sinners, the damnation of the wicked, and for the preservation of His people, for His eternal glory, and their eternal joy.

Author: John

He is the disciple whom Jesus loved, the brother of James, and one of the “Sons of Thunder.” Jesus trusted John to take care of his mother (John 19:26–27). He is the author of 1st, 2nd, and 3rd John as well as the book of Revelation and was the pastor of the church in Ephesus.

Audience: Unknown

We don’t know whether John wrote his Gospel with a specific audience in mind. However, we do know that he intended for it to function as a sort of apologetic for Christianity (John 19:35; 20:30–31).

Key Verses:

“Then Jesus said to them again, ‘Most assuredly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep. All who ever came before Me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not hear them. I am the door. If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved, and will go in and out and find pasture. The thief does not come except to steal, and to kill, and to destroy. I have come that they may have life, and that they may have it more abundantly.’ ”

John 10:7–10

“Thomas said to Him, ‘Lord, we do not know where You are going, and how can we know the way?’ “Jesus said to him, ‘I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.’ ”

John 14:5–6

“And truly Jesus did many other signs in the presence of His disciples, which are not written in this book; but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.”

John 20:30–31

  1. Christ is the Son of God!
  2. Unless you are born again, you cannot see the kingdom of heaven.
  3. Christ has overcome the world.
  4. Jesus died, was buried, and rose again.
  5. John wrote this epistle so that people would believe that “Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God.”
  1. Prologue: The Word Became Flesh (John 1:1–18)
  2. The Son of God’s Manifestation to the Jews (John 1:19–12:50)
  3. The Son of God’s Ministry to His Disciples (John 13:1–17:26)
  4. The Son of God’s Suffering and Glory (John 18:1–20:31)
  5. Epilogue: The Death of the Apostle Peter Foretold (John 21:1–25)
Study Questions

Chapters 1–7

Who was with God and was God?
The Word (John 1:1).

What did Christ turn to wine at the wedding feast?
Water (John 2:7–9).

What must happen for one to see the kingdom of God?
They must be born again (John 3:3).

How must we worship God?
“In spirit and truth” (John 4:24).

What did Jesus say when He healed the man at the pool of Bethesda?
“Rise, take up your bed and walk” (John 5:8).

Who is the “bread of God”?
“He who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world” (John 6:33).

What flows out of the heart of one who believes in God?
“Rivers of living water” (John 7:38).

Chapters 8–14

What sets a man free?
The truth (John 8:32).

Why was the man born blind?
So that the “works of God” would “be revealed in him” (John 9:3).

What kind of a shepherd is Christ?
He is the good shepherd (John 10:11).

What did Jesus say was the reason for Lazarus’ sickness?
“That the Son of God may be glorified through it” (John 11:4).

On whose authority does Christ command?
The Father (John 12:49).

How will people know who the disciples of God are?
His disciples have love for one another (John 13:35).

How do you know if you love God?
If you keep His commandments (John 14:21, 23).

Chapters 15–21

Can we bear fruit apart from Christ?
No (John 15:4).

Why can we have peace during times of tribulation in the world?
Because Christ has overcome the world (John 16:33).

How does God sanctify Christians?
By the Word of God (John 17:17).

Is God’s kingdom of this world?
No (John 18:36).

What were the final words spoken by Jesus on the cross?
“It is finished” (John 19:30).

Who was the first person that Christ revealed Himself to when He rose from the dead?
Mary Magdalene (John 20:14).

How many times did Christ ask Peter if he loved Him?
Three times (John 21:15–17).

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