Memory Verse
“In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.”

The book of Job answers one of the most common and important questions: Why do the righteous suffer? Thankfully, God places high priority on answering this question by giving 42 chapters of Scripture to walk us through both the questions and the answers regarding suffering.

The book of Job also explains what we ought to learn about suffering. Job teaches us that we ought not to be presumptuous as we counsel our friends who are suffering. It is clear that through Job’s suffering, God was doing something very different than what Job’s friends thought. 

Hymn: Day by Day
Sheet Music
Top 5 Facts to Remember
  1. Job regularly offered sacrifices on behalf of his children (Job 1:5).
  2. Satan was ultimately dependent on God for his power against Job (Job 1:9–12; 2:4–7).
  3. Because he was the youngest, Elihu waited to speak until he saw that both Job and his friends were in error (Job 32:2–10).
  4. Although Job wanted to question God, God was the one who questioned him (Job 38:1–42:6).
  5. After the Lord had finished testing Job, He blessed him with twice as many possessions as he had owned before (Job 1:3; 42:12).
Theme: Suffering

In Job, God is glorifying Himself through suffering, so that He might demonstrate His superior goodness in the salvation sinners, the damnation of the wicked, and for the preservation of His people for His eternal glory, and their eternal joy.

Author: Unknown

We don’t know who wrote the Book of Job, though many theories exist.

Time of Writing: Before 2000 B.C.

Job is one of the earliest books of the Bible, with the events taking place around 2000 B.C. sometime before or during the patriarchal period. He lived in the land of Uz or Edom, southeast of the Dead Sea, in the region of modern northern Arabia. 

The events recorded in the book of Job most likely took place before or during Abraham’s time. Evidence for this includes Job’s rather long lifespan and the way he functioned as priest of his family. The exact date of when the book of Job was written is uncertain.

Key Verses:

“Then Job arose, tore his robe, and shaved his head; and he fell to the ground and worshiped. And he said:
‘Naked I came from my mother’s womb,
And naked shall I return there.
The Lord gave, and the Lord has taken away;
Blessed be the name of the Lord.’
In all this Job did not sin nor charge God with wrong.”

Job 1:20–22

“As for the Almighty, we cannot find Him;
He is excellent in power,
In judgment and abundant justice;
He does not oppress.
Therefore men fear Him;
He shows no partiality to any who are wise of heart.”

Job 37:23–24

“Then Job answered the Lord and said:
‘I know that You can do everything,
And that no purpose of Yours can be withheld from You.
You asked, “Who is this who hides counsel without knowledge?”
Therefore I have uttered what I did not understand,
Things too wonderful for me, which I did not know.
Listen, please, and let me speak;
You said, “I will question you, and you shall answer Me.”
‘I have heard of You by the hearing of the ear,
But now my eye sees You.
Therefore I abhor myself,
And repent in dust and ashes.’ ”

Job 42:1–6

  1.    God providentially allows His people to go through times of trial and suffering.
  2.    We should be willing to trust the Lord—whose plan is infinitely wise—regardless of our circumstances.
Christ in Job:

In the midst of his suffering, Job spoke prophetically of a living, personal Redeemer who would stand at last on the earth (Job 19:23–27).

  1. God Brings Tragedy Upon Job (Job 1–2)
  2. The Debates Between Job and His Friends (Job 3–26)
    1. The First Cycle of Analysis (Job 3–14)
      1. Job Speaks (Job 3)
      2. Eliphaz Speaks (Job 4–5), and Job Responds (Job 6–7)
      3. Bildad Speaks (Job 8), and Job Responds (Job 9–10)
      4. Zophar Speaks (Job 11), and Job Responds (Job 12–14)
    2. The Second Cycle of Analysis – Job 15–21
      1.  Eliphaz Speaks (Job 15), and Job Responds (Job 16–17)
      2.  Bildad Speaks (Job 18), and Job Responds (Job 19)
      3.  Zophar Speaks (Job 20), and Job Responds (Job 21)
    3. The Third Cycle of Analysis (Job 22–26)
      1.  Eliphaz Speaks (Job 22), and Job Responds (Job 23–24)
      2.  Bildad Speaks (Job 25), and Job Responds (Job 26)
    4. Job’s Final Defense (Job 27–31)
    5. Elihu Speaks (Job 32–37)
  3. God Speaks to Job and Questions Him (Job 38:1–42:6)
  4. God Speaks to Job’s Friends (Job 42:7–11)
  5. God Blesses Job (Job 42:12–17)
Study Questions

Where did Job and his family live?
The land of Uz (Job 1:1).

How does the author describe Job’s character?
He was a man who was blameless and upright, one who feared God and shunned evil (Job 1:1).

What would Job do on behalf of his sons after the days of feasting?
He would offer burnt offerings for them, in case any of them had sinned (Job 1:5).

What did Satan say Job would do if he lost everything?
Curse God to His face (Job 1:11).

What was Job’s response to the death of his children and the loss of all his possessions?
He tore his robe, shaved his head, fell to the ground, and worshiped God
(Job 1:20–22).

What did Satan say Job would do if God afflicted his body?
Curse God to His face (Job 2:5).

What was Job’s response when his wife told him to curse God?
He told her that she was speaking like a foolish woman (Job 2:10).

Who were Job’s three friends?
Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar (Job 2:11).

What was Job’s response when God spoke to him?
He realized that he could not answer God’s questions (Job 40:3–5; 42:1–6).

What did Job do after God was finished speaking to him?
He repented (Job 42:6).

What did the Lord say to Job’s friends?
He told them that He was angry with them, and commanded them to offer sacrifices for themselves (Job 42:7–8).

© 2017 NCFIC