Memory Verse
“In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.”
Isaiah 40:9

The book of Isaiah is the Romans of the Old Testament and what some have called the fifth Gospel. It is the third-longest book in the Bible. Isaiah is the first of the Major Prophets in the sequence of the canon of Scripture. More is revealed about Christ in Isaiah than any other Old Testament prophetic book. 

Isaiah is the Bible in miniature. There are 66 books in the Bible and 66 chapters of Isaiah. There are 39 books of the Old Testament, and 39 chapters in the first section of Isaiah. There are 27 books in the New Testament and 27 chapters in the second half of Isaiah. Similarly, Isaiah 40 begins with a voice crying in the wilderness and the New Testament begins with John the Baptist, the voice of one crying in the wilderness. Further, Isaiah 1 is equivalent to the first book of the Bible, Genesis. Isaiah 40 is equivalent to Matthew. Isaiah 66 is equivalent to Revelation; and Isaiah and Revelation contain the seven verses where God reveals Himself as the first and the last. 

Hymn: Immortal, Invisible, God Only Wise
Sheet Music
Top 5 Facts to Remember
  1. Isaiah became a prophet in the same year that King Uzziah died (Isa. 6:1, 8).
  2. God judges nations for their sin.
  3. Idolatry is utterly foolish and futile.
  4. Hezekiah recognized that the gods of the surrounding nations were not gods at all, but only the work of men’s hands (Isa. 37:18–19).
  5. Isaiah 52:13–53:12 predicts the suffering of Christ for our sins.
Theme: Salvation

In Isaiah, God is glorifying Himself through the salvation of a wayward people so that He might demonstrate His superior goodness in the salvation sinners, the damnation of the wicked, and for the preservation of His people for His eternal glory, and their eternal joy.

Author: Isaiah

The author identifies himself as Isaiah, the son of Amoz, and many biblical writers confirm this. The book also includes a song authored by King Hezekiah (Isa. 38:9–20).

Time of Writing: 700-681 B.C.

Isaiah was called to be a prophet in the same year that King Uzziah died (740 B.C.). The last event recorded in the book is the death of Sennacherib (681 B.C.), which means Isaiah most likely finished it during the reign of Manasseh (687–643 B.C.).

Key Verses:

“So I said:
‘Woe is me, for I am undone!
Because I am a man of unclean lips,
And I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips;
For my eyes have seen the King,
The Lord of hosts.’ ”

Isaiah 6:5

“Nevertheless the gloom will not be upon her who is distressed,
As when at first He lightly esteemed
The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali,
And afterward more heavily oppressed her,
By the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan,
In Galilee of the Gentiles.
The people who walked in darkness
Have seen a great light;
Those who dwelt in the land of the shadow of death,
Upon them a light has shined.”

Isaiah 9:1–2

“Surely He has borne our griefs
And carried our sorrows;
Yet we esteemed Him stricken,
Smitten by God, and afflicted.
But He was wounded for our transgressions,
He was bruised for our iniquities;
The chastisement for our peace was upon Him,
And by His stripes we are healed.
All we like sheep have gone astray;
We have turned, every one, to his own way;
And the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all.”

Isaiah 53:4–6


Search out and destroy your idols, they are worthless and dangerous.

God does and will judge sinful nations.

Christ is the perfect substitute who died to redeem a chosen people.

Repent and believe on the Lord Jesus Christ!

Judgment begins in the house of God.

Christ in Isaiah:
  1. The “Branch of the Lord” (Isa. 4:2)
  2. Immanuel (Isa. 7:14; Matt. 1:22–23)
  3. The Light (Isa. 9:1; Matt. 4:13–16)
  4. “Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace” (Isa. 9:6–7)
  5. A Rod from the Stem of Jesse (Isa. 11)
  6. A Stone Laid in Zion (Isa. 28:16; Rom. 9:33; 10:11)
  7. The Blind, Deaf, Lame, and Dumb Healed (Isa. 35:5–6)
  8. Israel’s Redeemer (Isa. 41:14; Gal. 4:4–5; Tit. 2:13–14)
  9. A Light to the Gentiles (Isa. 42:1–9; 49:6; Luke 2:32; Acts 13:47; 26:22–23)
  10. The Beating of the Messiah (Isa. 50:6)
  11. The Suffering Servant (Isa. 52:13–53:12; Acts 8:32–35)
  1. Judgment on the Nations (Isa. 1–39)
    1. The Vision Concerning Judah and Jerusalem (Isa. 1–12)
    2. The Vision Concerning the Nations (Isa. 13–27)
    3. The Deliverer (Isa. 28–35)
    4. Historical Interlude (Isa. 36–39)
  2. The Comfort of the Suffering Servant (Isa. 40–66)
    1. The One True God and the Idols (Isa. 40–48)
    2. Contrasts the Idols with the One True God and the Suffering Servant (Isa. 49–57)
    3. Proclaims the End of the Babylonian Captivity, and Casts a Vision of Future Glory (Isa. 58–66)
Study Questions

What is the theme of chapters 1–39?

What is the theme of chapters 40–66?

What is the name of Christ found in Isaiah 4:2?
The Branch of the Lord.

What chapter speaks about the holiness of God, and Isaiah’s response to it?
Chapter 6.

What chapter speaks of the government of our Lord Jesus Christ?
Chapter 9.

How is Christ described in Isaiah 11:1?
As a Rod that comes from the stem of Jesse, and a Branch that grows out of his roots. 

What chapter speaks of the fall of Lucifer?
Chapter 14.

What is the theme of chapter 40?
“Comfort, yes, comfort my people” (Isa. 40:1). 

Where are the four servant songs located in Isaiah?

  1. Isaiah 42:1–9
  2. Isaiah 49:1–13
  3. Isaiah 50:4–11
  4. Isaiah 52:13–53:12

What is the theme of Isaiah 53?
The suffering and exaltation of the Lord Jesus Christ.

© 2017 NCFIC