Memory Verse
“In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.”
Hebrews 9:24

The book of Hebrews shows us that a superior Savior brought a superior covenant resulting in a superior life. Throughout the letter, the author constantly argues for the supremacy of Christ over all things. This concept is present in every chapter and it is summarized in a very clear statement in Hebrews 8:1: “This is the main point of the things we are saying: We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens.”

God gives us tremendous help in understanding the intended purpose of the book of Hebrews. Specifically, Hebrews ends with the words, “bear with the word of exhortation” (Hebrews 13:22) . Hebrews is an exhortation for teaching and correction and for encouragement and comfort.

Hymn: I Love to Tell the Story
Sheet Music
Top 5 Facts to Remember
  1. The references to the Jewish temple and the still-functioning (but obsolete) priesthood and sacrificial system indicates that the letter was written before 70 A.D.
  2. The letter’s main purpose is to show the supremacy of Christ over all the Old Testament figures and religious system.
  3. Though written in very complex and sophisticated Greek, the author seems to be Jewish and has a strong grasp of Old Testament theology and typology.
  4. The author of Hebrews proclaimed Christ’s divinity by applying the Psalms to Him—“Your throne, O God, is forever and ever,” and “You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth” (Heb. 1:8–12).
  5. Jesus Christ is referred to as our “High Priest” 11 times in the book of Hebrews (Heb. 2:17; 3:1; 4:14–15; 5:5, 10; 6:20; 7:26; 8:1; 9:11; 10:21).
Theme: A Superior Savior and Covenant

In Hebrews, God is glorifying Himself through a superior Savior and a better covenant, so that He might demonstrate His superior goodness in the salvation sinners, the damnation of the wicked, and for the preservation of His people, for His eternal glory, and their eternal joy.

Author: Unknown

Though often attributed to Paul, the letter is formally anonymous. The authorship has been debated since the early church. The reference to Timothy in Hebrews 13:23 indicates that the author may have been a companion of Paul, if not Paul himself.

Audience: The Hebrews

As both the title and the author’s use of Old Testament imagery indicate, this letter was most likely sent to a Hebrew audience.

Key Verses:

“God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, having become so much better than the angels, as He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.”

Hebrews 1:1–4

“Seeing then that we have a great High Priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need.”

Hebrews 4:14–16

“These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off were assured of them, embraced them and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. For those who say such things declare plainly that they seek a homeland. And truly if they had called to mind that country from which they had come out, they would have had opportunity to return. But now they desire a better, that is, a heavenly country. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God, for He has prepared a city for them.”

Hebrews 11:13–16

  1. The writer of Hebrews is calling the church to its center—the gospel of Christ.
  2. The author is concerned with teaching the proper doctrine of Christ.
  3. Hebrews challenges us to know what it means to be saved.
  4. Hebrews presents commands to a people who were experiencing many difficulties.
  5. Hebrews was written to a people who were tempted to give up.
  6. Hebrews teaches us much about angels (Heb. 1:15).
  7. Hebrews declares Christ’s objective for His children: “Bringing many sons to glory” (Heb. 2:10).
  8. Hebrews instructs us on how to approach God: “Let us come boldly to the throne of grace” (Heb. 4:16).
  1. Christ is Superior (Heb. 1–6)
  2. The Old Covenant is Fulfilled in Christ (Heb. 7–8)
  3. The New Covenant is Complete (Heb. 9–10)
  4. The Life of Faith is Sweet (Heb. 11–13)
Study Questions

Chapters 1–6

Who is Jesus Christ as described in chapter 1?
He is “the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power” (Heb. 1:3). 

How did Christ defeat the Devil?
He took on flesh and blood and died for His people (Heb. 2:14–17).

Why is Christ worthy of more glory than Moses?
Because Moses was only God’s servant and Jesus is God’s Son (Heb. 3:5–6).

How does someone enter into God’s rest?
By belief (Heb. 4:3).

Who made Jesus the High Priest for His people?
God the Father (Heb. 5:5–6, 10).

What happens to those who continually reject Christ?
They cannot be brought to repentance, and therefore must face God’s judgement (Heb. 6:4–8).

Chapters 7–13

Why is Jesus a better High Priest?
He was made a priest by God’s oath (Heb. 7:20–21), guarantees a better covenant (v. 22), lives forever (vv. 23–25), and offered Himself as the final sacrifice for sins (v. 27).

What has happened to the Old Covenant?
It is obsolete and has vanished away (Heb. 8:13).

How did Christ secure redemption?
By His own blood (Heb. 9:12).

Why is Christ’s sacrifice superior to the Old Testament sacrifices?
The blood of animals could never take away sin (Heb. 10:4), but the sacrifice of Christ does and was only offered once (vv. 11–12, 14).

How did people during the Old Testament live and please God?
By faith.

The Christian life is described as a race – how should we run it? 
By laying aside every weight and sin and looking toward Jesus as our example (Heb. 12:1–2).

What are the sacrifices which please God?
Praise, doing good, and giving to those in need (Heb. 13:15–16).

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